Once again we beat the benchmark in a Kaggle competition. The goal of the contest at hand was to forecast mortality rate in England using Copernicus Atmosphere Monitoring Service data on air quality. Specifically, to forecast mortality caused by cancer and cardiovascular diseases. The competition represents the “in class” category, because the data is publicly available somewhere on the internets. Still, the winner got a Raspberry Pi.
Hyperband is a relatively new method for tuning iterative algorithms. It performs random sampling and attempts to gain an edge by using time spent optimizing in the best way. We explain a few things that were not clear to us right away, and try the algorithm in practice.
It turns out that Converting categorical data into numbers with Pandas and Scikit-learn has become the most popular article on this site. Let’s revisit the topic and look at Pandas’ get_dummies() more closely.
Using the function is straightforward - you specify which columns you want encoded and get a dataframe with original columns replaced with one-hot encodings.
With many implementations of machine learning algorithms it is entirely unclear how to train them on one’s own data and then how to get predictions. This is an area where AI researchers have a lot of catching up to do with lessons long ago learned in computer science.
Chatbots seem to be all the craze these days. Why don’t we take a look at this fascinating topic. A warning, though: this article contains strong opinions.
In R community, there’s this one guy, Hadley Wickam, who by himself made R great again. One of the many, many things he came up with - so many they call it a hadleyverse - is the dplyr package, which aims to make data analysis easy and fast. It works by allowing a user to take a data frame and apply to it a pipeline of operations resulting in a desired outcome (an example in just a minute). This approach turned out to be successful. Then people have ported key pieces to Pandas.
As a wild stream after a wet season in African savanna diverges into many smaller streams forming lakes and puddles, so deep learning has diverged into a myriad of specialized architectures. Each architecture has a diagram. Here are some of them.
The paper in question proposes a way to reduce the amount of computation needed in convolutional networks roughly three times, while keeping the same accuracy. Here’s what you wanted to know about this method (already available in TensorFlow), reprinted from two smart folks.
In this second article on adversarial validation we get to the meat of the matter: what we can do when train and test sets differ. Will we be able to make a better validation set?